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The Princess is described as being somewhat spoiled and vain. In the 10th century Ibn al-Nadim compiled a catalogue of books (the "Fihrist") in Baghdad. The Thousand and One Nights, collection of largely Middle Eastern and Indian stories of uncertain date and authorship. However, pleading, beseeching and praising the powerful is the most significant. Sinbad the Porter (Arabic: السندباد الحمال‎) is a poor man who one day pauses to rest on a bench outside the gate of a rich merchant's house in Baghdad. The main frame story concerns Shahryar, whom the narrator calls a "Sasanian king" ruling in "India and China". Morgiana (Arabic: مرجانة‎) is a clever slave girl from Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves. As they tell their story it transpires that, although the younger of them, the woman’s husband, was responsible for her death, some of the blame attaches to a slave, who had taken one of the apples mentioned in the title and caused the woman’s murder. He cures King Yunan from leprosy. Another early foreshadowing technique is formal patterning, "the organization of the events, actions and gestures which constitute a narrative and give shape to a story; when done well, formal patterning allows the audience the pleasure of discerning and anticipating the structure of the plot as it unfolds". A year later Zumurrud is kidnapped by a Christian and Ali spends the rest of the story finding her. The narrator's standards for what constitutes a cliffhanger seem broader than in modern literature. In particular, many tales were originally folk stories from the Caliphate era, while others, especially the frame story, are most probably drawn from the Pahlavi Persian work Hazār Afsān (Persian: هزار افسان‎‎, lit. For 1001 nights, Scheherazade tells her husband a story every night, stopping at dawn with a cliffhanger, forcing the King to keep her alive for another day. The plot devices often used to present this theme are coincidence, reverse causation and the self-fulfilling prophecy (see Foreshadowing below). Providing riddles, laying questions, challenges. At the end of the story, Shahryār calls for his brother and tells him of Scheherazade's fascinating, moral tales. Indian folklore is represented in The Nights by certain animal stories, which reflect influence from ancient Sanskrit fables. Shah Zaman decides to stay with his brother and marries Scheherazade's beautiful younger maiden sister, Dunyazad, with whom he has fallen in love. This leads to the next tale in the cycle, the "Tale of the Jewish Doctor", where the doctor accidentally trips over the hunchback's body, falls down the stairs with him, and finds him dead, leading him to believe that the fall had killed him. Sultan of the Indies (Arabic: سلطان جزر الهند‎) has three sons Hussain, Ali and Ahmed. The hunchback accidentally chokes on his food from laughing too hard and the couple, fearful that the emperor will be furious, take his body to a Jewish doctor's clinic and leave him there. Haunting is used as a plot device in gothic fiction and horror fiction, as well as modern paranormal fiction. [56] The unreliable narrator device is also used to generate suspense in "The Three Apples" and humor in "The Hunchback's Tale" (see Crime fiction elements below). Fairytale Wiki is a FANDOM Anime Community. In the 14th century, a version of "The Tale of Attaf" also appears in the Gesta Romanorum and Giovanni Boccaccio's The Decameron. She marries King Shahryar, who has vowed that he will execute a new bride every day. The owner of the house is Sinbad the Sailor, who hears the porter's lament and sends for him. Only fragments of the original Sanskrit form of this work exist, but translations or adaptations exist in Tamil, Lao, Thai and Old Javanese. He erects eight statues of gold (or diamond) and in quest for a statue for the ninth unoccupied pedestal, finding what he wanted in the person of a beautiful woman for a wife. The frame story is particularly interesting, as it follows the broad outline of a concubine telling stories in order to maintain the interest and favour of a king — although the basis of the collection of stories is from the Panchatantra — with its original Indian setting. Prince Ali (Arabic: الأمير علي‎) is a son of Sultan of the Indies. One example is "The Adventures of Bulukiya", where the protagonist Bulukiya's quest for the herb of immortality leads him to explore the seas, journey to Paradise and to Hell, and travel across the cosmos to different worlds much larger than his own world, anticipating elements of galactic science fiction;[66] along the way, he encounters societies of djinns,[67] mermaids, talking serpents, talking trees, and other forms of life. Harun then gives Ja’far three more days to find the guilty slave. Zumurrud escapes from the Christian only to be found and taken by Javan (Juvenile) the Kurd. This would place genesis of the collection in the 8th century. In The Nights, this didactic framework is the least common way of introducing the story, but instead a story is most commonly introduced through subtle means, particularly as an answer to questions raised in a previous tale. This convinces Yunan that Duban is guilty and he has him executed. In the 1950s, the Iraqi scholar Safa Khulusi suggested (on internal rather than historical evidence) that the Persian writer Ibn al-Muqaffa' may have been responsible for the first Arabic translation of the frame story and some of Persian stories later incorporated into the Nights. The Nights is almost certainly the earliest surviving literature that mentions ghouls, and many of the stories in that collection involve or reference ghouls. In particular, the Arabian Nights tale of "Ali the Cairene and the Haunted House in Baghdad" revolves around a house haunted by jinns. The general story is narrated by an unknown narrator, and in this narration the stories are told by Scheherazade. When she opens it and sees the ring, joy conquers her, and out of happiness she chants this poem (Arabic): وَلَقـدْ نَدِمْـتُ عَلى تَفَرُّقِ شَمْــلِنا :: دَهْـرَاً وّفاضَ الدَّمْـعُ مِنْ أَجْفـانيوَنَـذَرْتُ إِنْ عـادَ الزَّمـانُ يَلُمـُّـنا :: لا عُــدْتُ أَذْكُــرُ فُرْقًــةً بِلِســانيهَجَــمَ السُّــرورُ عَلَــيَّ حَتَّـى أَنَّهُ :: مِـنْ فَــرَطِ مـا سَــرَّني أَبْكــــانييا عَيْـنُ صـارَ الدَّمْـعُ مِنْكِ سِجْيَةً :: تَبْكيــنَ مِـنْ فَـــرَحٍ وَأَحْزانـــــيTransliteration: Some modern interpretations see this horse as a robot. These stories include the cycle of "King Jali'ad and his Wazir Shimas" and "The Ten Wazirs or the History of King Azadbakht and his Son" (derived from the 7th-century Persian Bakhtiyarnama). No physical evidence of the Hazār Afsān has survived so its exact relationship with the existing later Arabic versions remains a mystery. As reward, Ali frees her and Morgiana marries Ali's son. An early example of the frame story, or framing device, is employed in the One Thousand and One Nights, in which the character Scheherazade narrates a set of tales (most often fairy tales) to the Sultan Shahriyar over many nights. He is noted for having a magic tent that would expand so as to shelter an army, and contract so that it could go into one's pocket. Shahryar begins to marry a succession of virgins only to execute each one the next morning, before she has a chance to dishonour him. Dunyazad (Persian: دنیازاد‎, romanized: Dunyāzād; aka Dunyazade, Dunyazatde, Dinazade, or Dinarzad) is the younger sister of Queen Scheherazade. The final product of this tradition, the so-called Zotenberg Egyptian Recension, does contain 1001 nights and is reflected in print, with slight variations, by the editions known as the Bulaq (1835) and the Macnaghten or Calcutta II (1839–1842). Aladdin uses the genie of the lamp to foil the Princess's arranged marriage to the Grand Vizier's son, and marries her himself. Prince Ahmed (Arabic: الأمير أحمد‎) is the youngest of three sons of the Sultan of the Indies. Ahmed travels to Samarkand city and buys an apple that can cure any disease if the sick person smells it. Prince Hussain (Arabic: الأمير حسين‎), the eldest son of the Sultan of the Indies, travels to Bisnagar (Vijayanagara) in India and buys a magic teleporting tapestry, also known as a magic carpet. Its tales of Aladdin, Ali Baba, and Sindbad the Sailor have almost become part of Western folklore, though these were added to the collection only in … Sinbad the Sailor or Sindbad the Sailor (Arabic: السندباد البحري‎) is perhaps one of the most famous characters from the Nights. 1001 Nights, Representative of eastern literature, The Thousand-And-Second Tale of Scheherazade, The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, The Thousand-and-Second Tale of Scheherazade, Two Years Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_One_Thousand_and_One_Nights_characters&oldid=982648284#Ali, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with Arabic-language sources (ar), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 13:20. Several different variants of the "Cinderella" story, which has its origins in the Egyptian story of Rhodopis, appear in the One Thousand and One Nights, including "The Second Shaykh's Story", "The Eldest Lady's Tale" and "Abdallah ibn Fadil and His Brothers", all dealing with the theme of a younger sibling harassed by two jealous elders.

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