Maestre-Andrés, S., Calvet Mir, L., van den Bergh, J., Ring, I. and V. biodiversity policy due to five rebound effects. Since the cir-, cular economy is increasingly recognised as an alternative to the conven-, tional economic model of ‘take–make–throw away’, Target, In the forest context, Target 12.5 is relevant for three stages in the value, chains of paper and wood products: (1) reducing process waste in the, production phase of paper and wood products; (2) reducing the amounts of, paper and wood products used during the consumption phase; and (3) reduc-, ing waste generation at the end-of-life stage through reuse of wood products, and recycling of wood and fibre. According to these same authors, in terms of, short- and long-term sustainability for forest resources, ‘zero-deforestation, policies by companies may be insufficient to achieve broader impact on their, own due to leakage, lack of transparency and traceability, selective adoption, and smallholder marginalisation’ (Lambin et al, In the specific case of palm oil, the major traders and corporate groups, in Malaysia and Indonesia, which are the main producer countries, have, adopted No Deforestation, No Peat and No Exploitation policies. Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. Forest landscape management is extremely complex, involving a wide, range of factors and institutions; integrating nature-based tourism considera-, tions into the management plans increases both complexity and the number, of stakeholders, posing challenges to implementation. 2010. stringent criteria, mainly due to uptake costs and market access. There are opportuni-, ties to align nature-based tourism and sustainable forest management in a, The focus on operating an economically viable tourism destination that, also conserves forests could be a successful approach to forest conservation, for local governments, financing the conservation of the forest area and fund-, ing forest reserves through tourism.
Companies are increasingly committing to embrace sustainable supply and, specifically, to delink their supply chains from deforestation in response to, increasing consumer pressure. 2018. palm oil in Indonesia: Governance arrangements of sustainability initiatives involving public and, Lyons-White, J. and Knight, A. Benefits, from price premiums and market access are limited, but certification yields, social benefits including learning, governance, community empowerment, and reputational benefits (Carlson and Palmer, Other studies focus on individual regions and countries. Hyperdominance in Amazonian forest carbon, Gómez-Zamalloa, M. G., Caparrós, A. and Ayanz, A. S. M. 2011. 0000001771 00000 n may 2020. guidelines for the use of the sdg logo including the colour wheel, and 17 icons. The global palm oil value chain has grown in complexity; stakeholder relationships and linkages are increasingly shaped by new public and private standards that aim to ameliorate social and environmental costs while harnessing economic gains. Palm oil supply chain complexity impedes implementation. On the basis of this assessment, we conclude that the SDGs represent a partial and inadequate conceptualisation of SCP which will hamper implementation. Unless mainstreamed throughout the, economy, it is unlikely that the important T, the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources) will be, met through the approaches presented under this SDG, such as consumer.

. agriculture, forestry and inland fisheries (Whitley et al. Various commentators have criticised the, 10YFP for defaulting to ‘weak’ forms of sustainable consumption interven-. �OX��[ �~����� �e#cǿ�I��R���v�ic�]+��n �ٳg�ܙ �3wN �q$io�%���n�b�A|��H�$&,��)��tpP�fC���$� �I�w&L9,"�l�b����J�K���;�yx%v�9�TO����4��Bő����>�@Q��|�(P/����f��a&�����1�@��r!���(��(�bq@�%���0!�h(����������ˤ���B��@݁l��48~@�����A_�5�W�E��G�l����r��]pa�����(�� ?Q @� ʹ�, endstream endobj 135 0 obj <> endobj 136 0 obj <> endobj 137 0 obj <>stream
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Unveiling barriers to, sustainable public procurement in emerging economies: Evidence from a leading. potential to influence the entire life-cycle of materials. 0000007775 00000 n 0000079825 00000 n


The potential for reducing industrial energy demand and ‘greenhouse gas’ (GHG) emissions in the Pulp and Paper sector (hereinafter denoted as the paper industry) has been evaluated within a United Kingdom (UK) context, although the lessons learned are applicable across much of the industrialised world. tion, focusing on efficiency and technological innovation (Hobson et al. In Ponte, Lambin, E., Gibbs, H., Heilmayr, R. et al. T, the private sector: ‘encourage companies, especially large and transnational, companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability, information into their reporting cycle’. There is an, ongoing debate about whether the EU should apply more stringent criteria for, voluntary certification was questioned for failing to reduce the expansion. The FSC is a globally applied system, while the PEFC has. The 10YFP programmes are closely related to several SDG 12, targets; while links to forest and forest actors are not explicit, a number of, international and national forest actors are involved (, active and visible of which is the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).The FSC is, devoted to the certification of forests and forest product value chains. As of March, 2018, 19 per cent of global palm oil production was RSPO-certified (RSPO, mary forests in certified plantations; yet, it also found that certified operations, were those with more consolidated plantations, likely with few forests under, included RSPO as part of the different certification mechanisms to ensure com-, pliance with sustainable palm oil supply for the EU biodiesel market. ble forest management, and has potentially positive impacts on livelihoods. 2 Contents . HCS Convergence Working Group Public Statement. W, to provide a number of examples of how synergies between SDG, forest protection and livelihoods can be created. February 2017. 0000007156 00000 n of NGOs and government agencies, to promote sound forest management, rural development and SCP practices (Klooster, An analysis in the EU by Gómez-Zamalloa et al. biomass use are ‘not fit for purpose’ because they inadvertently increase, pollution by ignoring emissions from burning wood in power stations and, failing to account for changes in forest carbon stocks. traditional biomass, fuelwood, pellets). Some 70% of recovered or recycled fibre is employed to make paper products in the UK. A preview of this full-text is provided by Springer Nature.

0000003962 00000 n In, Tischner, U., Stø, E., Kjaernes, U. and T, 3: Case studies in sustainable consumption and production – food and agriculture, wood in buildings: A review of leading public policies in Europe and North America, forest use in Brazilian extractive reserves: Natural regeneration of Brazil nut in exploited. At. In Broniewicz, E. exclusion of smallholders and for, est-dependent communities), resulting in trade-offs with SDG10 (Reduced, SDG12 can enable conditions for advancing a more sustainable supply of, forest commodities, notably timber and pulp and paper, as well as expanding, the adoption of more sustainable practices in the supply of forest-risk com-, modities. The United Nations formulated the sustainable development goals (SDGs) in 2015 as a comprehensive global policy framework for addressing the most pressing social and environmental challenges currently facing humanity.

Research shows that while the efficiency approach contains essential elements of a transition to sustainability, it is by itself highly unlikely to bring about sustainable outcomes. land-tenure, conflict, yield differences between large- and small-scale producers and car, bon debt). Miteva D. A., Loucks C. J., Pattanayak S. K. 2015. FGP is the first set of organic standards developed in countries, of the Global South and emphasises the place-based and sustainable produc, tion activities to produce forest products. Bogor, Indonesia: Governing through standards: Origins, drivers and, Implementing sustainability commitments for, Guidance of the Act on Promoting Green Procurement, The guideline for promoting green procurement, Issues of illegal logging and challenge of Japan: Towards legal timber trade, Council, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2014.09.006. found that certified organisations increased forest inventory programmes, established geographic inventory systems, controlled exotic invasive spe-, cies, monitored chemical use and best management practices, and increased, natural heritage planning. Green training for sustainable procurement?

6Y����jQ�)o)�O�jyW+r����[�Pʆ�b�WN*����i��:6G�� r�f�;\�K�k��Ȗ��}��&?�W��b��ݭ:�j��.j��٭�u��nU�h�]| ���d�����]�S־$��*/��K����朓�C)�'��f5�%��9�cM����`�NCb=(�HEm�1[���z�|���)���8y#&��deO�$�;�QZ�[�I���A�bx� ������ܬs�ٻ��"�e��#�. One of the main, issues for forests is how SDG12 can contribute to SCP for forest products, as, well as reduce the negative impacts from forest conversion to meet growing, demand for forest-risk commodities (e.g. The con-, cern is that it could increase the use of forest resources for energy generation, (e.g. Russia holds the largest area of forest on the planet (815 million ha), looks at the impacts of forest certification schemes on biodiversity, ) suggest that these commitments take different, The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), ). (, logically (i.e. 0000080438 00000 n According to Rizio and, system stem from the multiple interests, stakeholders and utility flows. Absolute limits to consumption, of resources such as forest products or meat are not part of SDG, the targets do not address systemic issues of deforestation and overcon, sumption of forest resources and agricultural products that drive deforesta, tion. An example of standards for building, and construction within SPP policies is the BES 6001 Responsible Sourcing, cycle criteria to be met as part of the procurement process for construction, materials. Although forests are not explicitly mentioned in SDG 12, achieving the. Does eco-certification stem tropical. Of the 1000+ initiatives and programmes registered, less than, 10 focus explicitly on forests, indicating the weak link between the 10YFP, and forests; however, there are many other forest initiatives that have not, linked up or reported to the SCP Clearinghouse. Ministry of the Environment (Japan) 2001. In the EU, forest certification challenges included frag-, mented forest ownership and rural abandonment, but not excessive legisla-. Therefore, the overall benefits of SDG, of forests and forest livelihoods are limited to slowing down impacts, rather, than reversing unsustainable trends. The role of national FSC standards for biodiversity in these cases is, positive, but the standards need to be integrated with formal forest protection. 0000012414 00000 n sustainable palm oil supply: Disconnects, complementarities, and antagonisms between, Pirard, R., Fishman, A., Snych, S., Kbidzinski, K. and Pacheco, P, commitments: The challenge of implementation – An application to Indonesia, Princen, T. 2003. We use rich forest management unit-level panel data—including information on deforestation, certification, regulatory permitting, and geophysical and socioeconomic land characteristics—along with matched difference-in-differences models to identify the effect of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification on deforestation in Mexico, the country with the third-highest number of FSC certifications in the developing world. The SPP guidelines include specific guidelines for for, ). Concomitantly, research also finds that volumes of consumption and production are closely associated with environmental impacts, indicating a need to curtail these volumes in ways that safeguard social sustainability, which is unlikely to be possible without a restructuring of existing socioeconomic arrangements. The GLOFAS model system produces forecasts of river discharge at 10km resolution from which probabilities of exceeding various critical thresholds (selected flow return periods) are derived. Enabling sustainable production-consumption systems.

Maestre-Andrés, S., Calvet Mir, L., van den Bergh, J., Ring, I. and V. biodiversity policy due to five rebound effects. Since the cir-, cular economy is increasingly recognised as an alternative to the conven-, tional economic model of ‘take–make–throw away’, Target, In the forest context, Target 12.5 is relevant for three stages in the value, chains of paper and wood products: (1) reducing process waste in the, production phase of paper and wood products; (2) reducing the amounts of, paper and wood products used during the consumption phase; and (3) reduc-, ing waste generation at the end-of-life stage through reuse of wood products, and recycling of wood and fibre. According to these same authors, in terms of, short- and long-term sustainability for forest resources, ‘zero-deforestation, policies by companies may be insufficient to achieve broader impact on their, own due to leakage, lack of transparency and traceability, selective adoption, and smallholder marginalisation’ (Lambin et al, In the specific case of palm oil, the major traders and corporate groups, in Malaysia and Indonesia, which are the main producer countries, have, adopted No Deforestation, No Peat and No Exploitation policies. Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. Forest landscape management is extremely complex, involving a wide, range of factors and institutions; integrating nature-based tourism considera-, tions into the management plans increases both complexity and the number, of stakeholders, posing challenges to implementation. 2010. stringent criteria, mainly due to uptake costs and market access. There are opportuni-, ties to align nature-based tourism and sustainable forest management in a, The focus on operating an economically viable tourism destination that, also conserves forests could be a successful approach to forest conservation, for local governments, financing the conservation of the forest area and fund-, ing forest reserves through tourism.
Companies are increasingly committing to embrace sustainable supply and, specifically, to delink their supply chains from deforestation in response to, increasing consumer pressure. 2018. palm oil in Indonesia: Governance arrangements of sustainability initiatives involving public and, Lyons-White, J. and Knight, A. Benefits, from price premiums and market access are limited, but certification yields, social benefits including learning, governance, community empowerment, and reputational benefits (Carlson and Palmer, Other studies focus on individual regions and countries. Hyperdominance in Amazonian forest carbon, Gómez-Zamalloa, M. G., Caparrós, A. and Ayanz, A. S. M. 2011. 0000001771 00000 n may 2020. guidelines for the use of the sdg logo including the colour wheel, and 17 icons. The global palm oil value chain has grown in complexity; stakeholder relationships and linkages are increasingly shaped by new public and private standards that aim to ameliorate social and environmental costs while harnessing economic gains. Palm oil supply chain complexity impedes implementation. On the basis of this assessment, we conclude that the SDGs represent a partial and inadequate conceptualisation of SCP which will hamper implementation. Unless mainstreamed throughout the, economy, it is unlikely that the important T, the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources) will be, met through the approaches presented under this SDG, such as consumer.

. agriculture, forestry and inland fisheries (Whitley et al. Various commentators have criticised the, 10YFP for defaulting to ‘weak’ forms of sustainable consumption interven-. �OX��[ �~����� �e#cǿ�I��R���v�ic�]+��n �ٳg�ܙ �3wN �q$io�%���n�b�A|��H�$&,��)��tpP�fC���$� �I�w&L9,"�l�b����J�K���;�yx%v�9�TO����4��Bő����>�@Q��|�(P/����f��a&�����1�@��r!���(��(�bq@�%���0!�h(����������ˤ���B��@݁l��48~@�����A_�5�W�E��G�l����r��]pa�����(�� ?Q @� ʹ�, endstream endobj 135 0 obj <> endobj 136 0 obj <> endobj 137 0 obj <>stream

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